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Between Alfama and Castelo


Castle of Saint George  

Castle of Saint George

Over a millennium-old and still Lisbon's most splendid sight: Spectacularly sited on the city's tallest hill, St. George's Castle offers a breath-taking view over Lisbon. It was first built in the 6th century and was occupied by the Romans and Visigoths before it became a Moorish royal residence. Portugal's first king captured it in 1147 and it was named after England's patron saint following the Anglo-Portuguese alliance. In one of its rooms (where Vasco da Gama was received after his voyage to India) is a collection of archaeological finds from around the castle, while one of the towers holds a periscope projecting images from around the city. The main attraction however, is walking around the ramparts and enjoying the views in the company of the roaming peacocks.

National Pantheon

Portugal's National Pantheon took three centuries to complete. It's a baroque monument built on an octagonal floor plan centered on a Greek cross, with a dome standing out in the city's skyline. It's the resting place of the most important cultural and political figures in the country, but perhaps most famous of all, singer Amália Rodrigues. It also includes some symbolic tombs of other personalities such as Vasco da Gama who is actually entombed elsewhere, in Jerónimos Monastery. Visitors may also go up to the dome's terrace for city views.
  National Pantheon

Monastery of São Vicente de Fora  

Monastery of São Vicente de Fora

The white towers of this monastery stand out in Lisbon's skyline but it doesn't seem to get as many visitors as other monuments. Yet it offers one of the most fantastic views of the city from its rooftop terrace, and its extraordinary tiled interior is one of the most fascinating spaces in Lisbon (it holds the world's largest collection of baroque tiles - around 100,000 of them). La Fontaine's fables are told in a series of 38 tile panels around the serene cloisters, while an eerie mausoleum holds the tombs of the Bragança dynasty. One of them is that of Catherine of Bragança, a Portuguese princess who married Charles II and therefore became the Queen of England in 1662. Queens, New York was named after her.

Lisbon Cathedral

Lisbon's cathedral has a stark interior and differs from other European cathedrals in looking more like a castle. It was built over an old mosque in the 12th century and mixes the Romanesque and Gothic styles, while inside by the entrance is the font where St. Anthony was baptized. In the back are the 14th-century cloisters revealing Roman, Visigoths and Moorish remains from archaeological excavations. Upstairs is the treasury which includes the priceless 19th-century King José monstrance made of precious gems.
  Lisbon Cathedral






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